Section 1031 provides for “Nonrecognition of gain or loss from exchanges solely in kind: (1) In general. No gain or loss shall be recognized on the exchange of property held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment if such property is exchanged solely for property of like kind which is to be held either for productive use in a trade or business or for investment.” In short, this means that if you want to sell an investment property now worth $3,000,000, that you originally purchased for $1,000,000, Section 1031 will allow you to rollover the entire $3,000,000 (including the roughly $2,000,000 in gain calculated as $3,000,000 minus $1,000,000, leaving depreciation out for the sake of simplicity) tax free!
In order to qualify for tax free treatment under Section 1031, the Seller must (1) use a Qualified Intermediary; (2) Identify the replacement property within 45 days; (3) The replacement property must be “like-kind” and (4) The replacement property transaction must close within 180 days of the closing of the relinquised property. As may be obvious, this area of real estate law is “jargon-heavy.”
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